Procurement at Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR)
FAIR is the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research in Europe, one of the largest research projects in the world being built at GSI Hemholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH in Darmstadt, Germany. Constructor is the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research in Europe GmbH (FAIR GmbH). Shareholders alongside Germany are Finland, France, India, Poland, Romania, Russia, Sweden, and Slovenia. The United Kingdom is an associate partner; the Czech Republic is an aspirant partner. The project cost is over 2 billion Euro.
In giant planets, stars, and during stellar explosions and collisions, matter is subject to extreme conditions such as very high temperatures, pressures, and densities. FAIR will enable scientists to create such conditions in the laboratory. To do so, they will bombard small samples of matter with particles. These collisions will, for very short periods of time, create cosmic matter at the tiny impact points. The FAIR research is subdivided into the four experiment pillars: NUSTAR, CBM, PANDA, APPA.
FAIR will generate particle beams of a previously unparalleled intensity and quality. The variety of these particles will be unique: ions of all the natural elements in the periodic table, as well as antiprotons, can be accelerated. A key component of FAIR is a ring accelerator with a circumference of 1,100 meters. Connected to this is a complex system of storage rings and experimental stations. The existing GSI accelerators will serve as the first acceleration stage.
The FAIR particle accelerator facility in Darmstadt is one of the world’s biggest and most complex construction projects for international cutting-edge research. On a site of approximately 20 hectares, unique buildings are being constructed in order to house and operate newly developed high-tech research facilities. This multinational and highly complex mega construction project has entailed the development of integrated construction workflow planning that closely coordinates building, civil and construction engineering, accelerator development and construction, and scientific experiments.
The FAIR project is being realised in international collaboration. International scientific and technical institutes of the shareholder countries and many more partner countries are cooperating.
Cutting-edge technologies and extremely innovative measuring methods and techniques are being developed for the unique FAIR particle accelerator facility. In order to create the facilities for acceleration and experiments, high-level scientists, engineers, and other experts are working in international partnership to advance new technological developments in many areas such as information and superconductor technology.